Abreu, Vitor S. et al. (2000): Oxygen isotope synthesis; a Cretaceous ice-house?


Abreu, Vitor S.
Unocal Corporation, Sugar Land, TX, United States

Hardenbol, Jan
Global Sequence Chronostratigraphy, United States

Haddad, Geoffrey
Elf-Aquitaine, France

Baum, Gerald
Rice University, United States

Vail, Peter R.

Oxygen isotope synthesis; a Cretaceous ice-house?
In: Anonymous, American Association of Petroleum Geologists 2000 annual meeting
American Association of Petroleum Geologists and Society of Economic Paleontologists and Mineralogists (AAPG), Tulsa, OK, United States
A Cretaceous (Aptian) to Cenozoic composite oxygen isotope curve is presented and correlated to eustatic records, global tectonic events and to the Antarctica glacial history. The curve was built using deep water benthonic foraminifera from DSDP/ODP sites. In addition, well-dated outcrop and subsurface whole rock samples were used. This composite record provides insight about the evolution of deep-water temperatures and/or ice volume changes from the Aptian to the present. There is a positive correlation between the stable isotope record and Vail's eustatic curve based on the coastal onlap record at least for almost the entire Cenozoic, providing stronger basis for global sequence stratigraphic interpretations. Two important observations can be made from the isotope record. First, three low-frequency isotope cycles are recognized, encompassing most of the Upper Cretaceous (named Uki), most of the Paleogene (named Pi) and most of the Neogene (named Ni) period. These low-frequency cycles correspond well with the sequence stratigraphic supercycle sets Upper Zuni A, Tejas B and Tejas A, respectively, although a pronounced lower Eocene negative shift in cycle Pi does not correspond to a significant sea-level rise in the sequence stratigraphic record. Second, oxygen isotope values for deep-water benthonic foraminifera during the Aptian to lower Albian stages and Campanian to Maastrichtian stages are similar to those observed during middle Eocene time. Due to the evidence for middle Eocene Antarctic glaciation, similarity between Cretaceous and Eocene isotope values could indicate the presence of polar ice as early as the Aptian stage.
Coverage:Geographic coordinates:
West:-180.0000East: 180.0000

Stratigraphy; Antarctica; Aptian; benthic taxa; Cretaceous; cycles; Deep Sea Drilling Project; deep-water environment; eustacy; Foraminifera; glaciation; Invertebrata; isotope ratios; isotopes; Lower Cretaceous; Mesozoic; microfossils; O-18/O-16; Ocean Drilling Program; outcrops; oxygen; paleoclimatology; paleotemperature; Protista; sea-level changes; sequence stratigraphy; stable isotopes; transgression; whole rock;