Kuroda, Junichiro; Suzuki, Katsuhiko; Ohkouchi, Naohiko (2010): Linkage between massive volcanic events and global extreme climatic events in the Cretaceous period. Tokyo Geographical Society, Tokyo, Japan, In: Yamakawa, Shuji (prefacer), Suzuki, Rikie (prefacer), Maruyama, Shigenori (prefacer), Matsumoto, Jun (prefacer), Kasahara, Junzo (prefacer), Global climate variations; Part III, 119 (3), 534-555, georefid:2011-006447

Although causal linkages between massive volcanic events and extreme climatic events have long been discussed, no consensus has been established. Recent developments of heavy metal isotope analyses such as lead (Pb) and osmium (Os) enable us to reconstruct detailed volcanic events from marine sedimentary records. Based on these isotopic records, we have investigated temporal relationship between massive volcanic events associated with large igneous provinces (LIPs) and Cretaceous Oceanic Anoxic Events (OAEs). In this paper we overview recent work on mid-Cretaceous OAE-1a (120 Ma) and OAE-2 (94 Ma) and their linkages with Ontong Java Plateau and Caribbean/Madagascar LIPs, respectively. Marine sediments deposited across the early Aptian OAE-1a show two prominent negative shifts of seawater osmium isotopic ratios, suggesting duplicate inputs of unradiogenic osmium from the mantle. The lead isotopic record suggests that the main part of the Ontong Java Plateau was formed by deep submarine eruptions. On the other hand, marine sediments deposited across the end-Cenomanian OAE-2 interval indicate an abrupt shift of Pb isotopic ratios, suggesting an increased supply of volcanic Pb via subaerial eruption. Our data indicate strong consistency between magmatic events and extreme climatic events for both OAE-1a and OAE-2, although the eruption processes differ. A more precise discussion of the causal mechanisms between these events will be presented in the near future.
West: 162.4500 East: 162.4600 North: 37.4800 South: 37.4700
Expedition: 198
Site: 198-1207
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Provider: SEDIS Publication Catalogue
Data set link: http://sedis.iodp.org/pub-catalogue/index.php?id=2011-006447 (c.f. for more detailed metadata)
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