Yoshioka, Hideyoshi; Sakata, Susumu; Cragg, Barry A.; Parkes, R. John; Fujii, Tetsuya (2009): Microbial methane production rates in gas hydrate-bearing sediments from the eastern Nankai Trough, off central Japan. Geochemical Society of Japan, Nagoya, Japan, Geochemical Journal, 43 (5), 315-321, georefid:2010-047741

Gas hydrates and associated high methane concentrations are widely distributed along the boundary of the Nankai Trough off Japan. Radiotracer activity measurements were conducted to estimate current methane production rates in sediment cores at two sites in the eastern Nankai Trough off Tokai containing gas hydrates. Low rates of methanogenesis from CO (sub 2) reduction and acetate fermentation were detected within the gas hydrate-stability zone and below the Bottom Simulating Reflector (BSR), but not in sediments from shallow depths (<100 mbsf). The detected production rates of methane from acetate were much higher than those from carbon dioxide and hydrogen. Methanol or potentially some other methyl compounds could also be used for microbial methane production. Deep methane production rates from acetate in the gas hydrate-bearing sediments were higher than in pre-accretionary, hydrate-free, sediments at sites 1173, 1174 and 1177 of ODP Leg 190 from the floor of the western Nankai Trough off Shikoku Island. As previously suggested this might be due to upward fluid flow stimulating bacterial activities around and below the base of the gas hydrate zone. In contrast, methanogenesis from carbon dioxide and hydrogen was the main pathway for microbial methane production in the hydrate-free sediments at the ODP Nankai Trough sites.
West: 134.0000 East: 135.0200 North: 32.2100 South: 31.3900
Expedition: 190
Site: 190-1173
Site: 190-1174
Site: 190-1177
Expedition: 196
Site: 196-1173
Data access:
Provider: SEDIS Publication Catalogue
Data set link: http://sedis.iodp.org/pub-catalogue/index.php?id=2010-047741 (c.f. for more detailed metadata)
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