Sano, Takashi; Yamashita, Shigeru (2004): Experimental petrology of basement lavas from Ocean Drilling Program Leg 192; implications for differentiation processes in Ontong Java Plateau magmas. Geological Society of London, London, United Kingdom, In: Fitton, J. Godfrey (editor), Mahoney, John J. (editor), Wallace, Paul J. (editor), Saunders, Andrew D. (editor), Origin and evolution of the Ontong Java Plateau, 229, 185-218, georefid:2006-012378

Melting relations of the basement lavas drilled from the Ontong Java Plateau during ODP Leg 192 were experimentally determined at 1150-1250 degrees C and 0.1-190 MPa under the oxygen fugacity along the fayalite-magnetite-quartz (FMQ) and cobalt-cobalt oxide (CCO) buffers. The basement lavas were classified into two types according to phenocryst assemblage and whole-rock composition: one type is low in MgO (<8 wt%) and olivine+plagioclase+augite-phyric (Kwaimbaita type); and the other is rich in MgO (>8 wt%) and olivine-phyric (Kroenke type). One sample was chosen from each type as a staring material of the melting experiments. The experimental results demonstrate that the variations in phenocryst assemblage and whole-rock composition in the basement lavas can be modelled adequately by fractional crystallization processes in a shallow magma chamber (<6 km in depth). The experimentally determined mineral-melt equilibria, in combination with detailed petrographical investigation, revealed that the vast majority of phenocrysts are in equilibrium with their host magma composition, but some are not. The latter include unusually An-rich parts of plagioclase phenocrysts in the Kwaimbaita-type lavas. These An-rich parts probably crystallized in a mushy boundary layer along the wall of the magma chamber where the melt was relatively rich in H (sub 2) O. Some olivine phenocrysts in the Kroenke-type lavas show reverse zoning, with core compositions that can be in equilibrium with the Kwaimbaita-type magmas. The cores of these olivine phenocrysts were most probably assimilated from a solidified pile of the Kwaimbaita-type lavas when the Kroenke-type magmas ascended through it.
West: 155.0000 East: 165.0000 North: 5.0000 South: -5.0000
Expedition: 192
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