Tiffin, Sarah Heather (2001): Dinocyst biochronology and palynofacies- inferred systems tract character of Miocene sequences from the New Jersey Mid-Atlantic Transect (ODP Legs 174A and 174AX). 147 pp., georefid:2003-038919

One of the main objectives of the mid-Atlantic transect is to improve dating resolution of sequences and unconformity surfaces. Dinoflagellate cysts from two Ocean Drilling Program boreholes, the onshore Leg 174AX Ocean View Site and Leg 174A continental shelf Site 1071, are used to provide age estimates for sequences and unconformities formed on the New Jersey continental margin during the Miocene epoch. Despite the occasional lack of dinocysts in barren and oxidized sections, dinocyst biochronology still offers greater age control than that provided by other microfossils in marginal marine environments. An early Miocene to late Miocene chronology based on ages determined for the two study sites is presented. In addition, palynofacies are used to unravel the systems tract character of the Miocene sequences and provide insight into the effects of taphonomy and preservation of palynomorphs in marginal marine and shelf environments under different sea level conditions. More precise placement of maximum flooding surfaces is possible through the identification of condensed sections and palynofacies shifts can also reveal subaerially exposed sections and surfaces not apparent in seismic or lithological analyses. The problems with the application of the pollen record in the interpretation of Miocene climate are also discussed. Palynomorphs provide evidence for a second-order lowering of sea level during the Miocene, onto which higher order sea level fluctuations are super-imposed. Correlation of sequences and unconformities is attempted between onshore boreholes and from the onshore Ocean View borehole to offshore Site 1071.
West: -72.4328 East: -72.4328 North: 39.2257 South: 39.2257
Expedition: 174A
Site: 174A-1071
Data access:
Provider: SEDIS Publication Catalogue
Data set link: http://sedis.iodp.org/pub-catalogue/index.php?id=2003-038919 (c.f. for more detailed metadata)
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