Muza, Jay P. (2006): Calcareous nannofossil biostratigraphy; Ocean Drilling Program Leg 205, Costa Rica subduction zone. Texas A&M University, Ocean Drilling Program, College Station, TX, United States, In: Morris, Julie D., Villinger, Heinrich W., Klaus, Adam, Cardace, Dawn M., Chavagnac, Valerie M. C., Clift, Peter D., Haeckel, Matthias, Hisamitsu, Toshio, Kastner, Miriam, Pfender, Marion, Saffer, Demian M., Santelli, Cara, Schramm, Burkhard, Screaton, Elizabeth J., Solomon, Evan A., Strasser, Michael, Moe, Kyaw Thu, Vannucchi, Paola, Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program; scientific results; fluid flow and subduction fluxes across the Costa Rica convergent margin; implications for the seismogenic zone and subduction factory; covering Leg 205 of the cruises of the Drilling Vessel JOIDES Resolution; Victoria, Canada, to Balboa, Panama; Sites 1253-1255; 2 September-6 November 2002, 205, georefid:2007-025143

Ocean Drilling Program Leg 205 of the research vessel JOIDES Resolution was a return expedition to the Leg 170 sites located on the Costa Rica subduction zone. Here the entire sediment cover on the incoming Cocos Plate, including significantly large sections of calcareous nannofossil ooze and chalk, is underthrust beneath the overriding Caribbean Plate. The large amount of subducted carbonate produces characteristic styles of volcanic and seismic activity that differ from those found farther along strike in Nicaragua and elsewhere. An understanding of the fate of subducted carbonate sediment sections is an essential component to our understanding of the global biogeochemical cycling of carbon dioxide. Because Leg 205 drilling operations were performed within meters of the Leg 170 drill sites occupied during October-December 1996, minimal coring was done during Leg 205. Although the biostratigraphy of the Leg 170 sites has since been documented in detail, questions remained regarding the age and nature of a gabbro sill that was only partially penetrated by coring during Leg 170. Coring operations during Leg 205 fully penetrated the gabbro sill, followed by an additional 12 m of sediments below the sill, and then approximately 160 m of gabbro. Coring halted at 600 meters below seafloor (mbsf). Calcareous nannofossil age dating of the sediments immediately above the igneous sill, as well as the sediment between the sill and the lower igneous unit, indicates a minimum age of 15.6 Ma and a maximum age of 18.2 Ma for the sediments. This implies that the sill was emplaced more recently than 18.2 Ma. The calcareous nannofossil assemblage in baked sediments in contact with the top of the lower igneous unit also suggests that the maximum age for emplacement is 18.2 Ma. At Site 1254, coring was accomplished between 150 and 230 mbsf (prism section), and from 300 to 367.5 mbsf (prism and through the decollement into the underthrust section). In the interval from 150 to 322 mbsf, the biostratigraphic analysis of calcareous nannofossils suggests that the sediments are early Pleistocene age between 150 and 161 mbsf, late Pliocene age from 161 to 219 mbsf, and early Pliocene age from 219 to 222 mbsf (no younger than 3.75 Ma). The lack of marker fossils in the interval of sediments cored from 300 to 350.6 mbsf does not allow for any age determinations; however, sediments from 351.6 to 359.81 mbsf could be age dated and are also early Pliocene age, but no younger than 3.75 Ma. At Site 1255, limited coring was accomplished only in the decollement because of time constraints. Sediments cored at this site are tentatively dated as middle to late Pleistocene.
West: -86.1200 East: -86.1000 North: 9.4000 South: 9.3800
Expedition: 205
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