Fehn, Udo; Lu, Zunli; Tomaru, Hitoshi (2005): (super 129) I/I ratios and halogen concentrations in pore water of Hydrate Ridge and their relevance for the origin of gas hydrates; a progress report. Texas A&M University, Ocean Drilling Program, College Station, TX, United States, In: Trehu, Anne M., Bohrmann, Gerhard, Torres, Marta E., Rack, Frank R., Bangs, Nathan L., Barr, Samantha R., Borowski, Walter S., Claypool, George E., Collett, Timothy S., Delwiche, Mark E., Dickens, Gerald R., Goldberg, David S., Gracia, Eulalia, Guerin, Gilles, Holland, Melanie, Johnson, Joel E., Lee, Young-Joo, Liu, Char-Shine, Long, Philip E., Milkov, Alexei V., Riedel, Michael, Schultheiss, Peter, Su Xin, Teichert, Barbara, Tomaru, Hitoshi, Vanneste, Maarten, Watanabe, Mahito, Weinberger, Jill L., Boetius, Antje, Brockman, Fred J., Deyhle, Annette, Fehn, Udo, Flemings, Peter B., Girguis, Peter R., Heesemann, Martin, Joye, Samantha B., Lorenson, Thomas D., Mills, Christopher T., Musgrave, Robert J., Popa, Radu, Ussler, Bill, Wilkes, Heinz, Winckler, Gisela, Winters, William J., Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program; scientific results; drilling gas hydrates on Hydrate Ridge, Cascadia continental margin; covering Leg 204 of the cruises of the drilling vessel JOIDES Resolution; Victoria, British Columbia, Canada, to Victoria, British Columbia, Canada; Sites 1244-1252; 7 July-2 September 2002, 204, georefid:2007-035102

We report iodine and bromine concentrations in a total of 256 pore water samples collected from all nine sites of Ocean Drilling Program Leg 204, Hydrate Ridge. In a subset of these samples, we also determined iodine ages in the fluids using the cosmogenic isotope (super 129) I (T (sub 1/2) = 15.7 Ma). The presence of this cosmogenic isotope, combined with the strong association of iodine with methane, allows the identification of the organic source material responsible for iodine and methane in gas hydrates. In all cores, iodine concentrations were found to increase strongly with depth from values close to that of seawater (0.0004 mM) to concentrations >0.5 mM. Several of the cores taken from the northwest flank of the southern summit show a pronounced maximum in iodine concentrations at depths between 100 and 150 meters below seafloor in the layer just above the bottom-simulating reflector. This maximum is especially visible at Site 1245, where concentrations reach values as high as 2.3 mM, but maxima are absent in the cores taken from the slope basin sites (Sites 1251 and 1252). Bromine concentrations follow similar trends, but enrichment factors for Br are only 4-8 times that of seawater (i.e., considerably lower than those for iodine). Iodine concentrations are sufficient to allow isotope determinations by accelerator mass spectrometry in individual pore water samples collected onboard ( approximately 5 mL). We report (super 129) I/I ratios in a few samples from each core and a more complete profile for one flank site (Site 1245). All (super 129) I/I ratios are below the marine input ratio (Ri = 1500X10 (super -15) ). The lowest values found at most sites are between 150 and 250X10 (super -15) , which correspond to minimum ages between 40 and 55 Ma, respectively. These ages rule out derivation of most of the iodine (and, by association, of methane) from the sediments hosting the gas hydrates or from currently subducting sediments. The iodine maximum at Site 1245 is accompanied by an increase in (super 129) I/I ratios, suggesting the presence of an additional source with an age younger than 10 Ma; there is indication that younger sources also contribute at other sites, but data coverage is not yet sufficient to allow a definitive identification of sources there. Likely sources for the older component are formations of early Eocene age close to the backstop in the overriding wedge, whereas the younger sources might be found in recent sediments underlying the current locations of the gas hydrates.
West: -125.0900 East: -125.0400 North: 44.3500 South: 44.3400
Expedition: 204
Supplemental Information:
Data report; available only on CD-ROM in PDF format and on the Web in PDF or HTML
Data access:
Provider: SEDIS Publication Catalogue
Data set link: http://sedis.iodp.org/pub-catalogue/index.php?id=10.2973/odp.proc.sr.204.107.2006 (c.f. for more detailed metadata)
Data download: application/pdf
This metadata in ISO19139 XML format