Boettcher, Michael E.; Ferdelman, Timothy G.; Jorgensen, Bo B.; Blake, Ruth E.; Surkov, Alexander V.; Claypool, George E. (2006): Sulfur isotope fractionation by the deep biosphere within sediments of the eastern Equatorial Pacific and Peru Margin. Texas A&M University, Ocean Drilling Program, College Station, TX, United States, In: Jorgensen, Bo B. (editor), D'Hondt, Steven L. (editor), Miller, D. Jay (editor), Aiello, Ivano W., Bekins, Barbara, Blake, Ruth E., Cragg, Barry A., Cypionka, Heribert, Dickens, Gerald R., Ferdelman, Timothy G., Ford, Kathryn H., Gettemy, Glen L., Guerin, Gilles, Hinrichs, Kai-Uwe, Holm, Nils G., House, Christopher H., Inagaki, Fumio, Meister, Patrick, Mitterer, Richard M., Naehr, Thomas H., Niitsuma, Sachiko, Parkes, R. John, Schippers, Axel, Skilbeck, C. Gregory, Smith, David C., Spivack, Arthur J., Teske, Andreas P., Wiegel, Juergen, Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program; scientific results; controls on microbial communities in deeply buried sediments, eastern Equatorial Pacific and Peru Margin; covering Leg 201 of the cruises of the drilling vessel JOIDES Resolution; San Diego, California, to Valparaiso, Chile; Sites 1225-1231; 27 January-29 March 2002, 201, georefid:2007-008194

Fifty-seven interstitial water samples from six sites (Ocean Drilling Program Sites 1225-1229 and 1231) in the eastern equatorial Pacific Ocean and the Peru margin were analyzed for the stable sulfur isotopic composition ( (super 34) S/ (super 32) S) of dissolved sulfate along with major and minor ions. With the exception of Site 1231, sulfate from the interstitial fluids (delta (super 34) S values as much as 89% vs. the SF6-based Vienna-Canyon Diablo troilite standard) is found at depth to be enriched in 34S with respect to modern seawater sulfate (delta (super 34) S = approximately 21%), indicating that microbial sulfate reduction (MSR) took place to different extents at all investigated sites. Deeper sediments at Sites 1228 and 1229 are additionally influenced by diffusion of a sulfate-rich brine that has already undergone sulfate reduction. The intensity of MSR depends on the availability of substrate (organic matter), sedimentation conditions, and the active bacterial community structure. Formation of isotopically heavy diagenetic barite at the sulfate-methane transition zone is expected at Sites 1227 (one front), 1229 (two fronts), and probably Site 1228. At Site 1231, the constant sulfur isotopic composition of sulfate and concentrations of minor pore water ions indicate that suboxic (essentially iron and manganese oxide based) diagenesis dominates and no net MSR occurs.
West: -110.3500 East: -77.5500 North: 3.5000 South: -12.0500
Expedition: 201
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