Lyle, Mitchell; Prahl, Fredrick; Sparrow, Margaret (2006): Reconnaissance of organic biomarkers in Leg 199 sediments. Texas A&M University, Ocean Drilling Program, College Station, TX, United States, In: Wilson, Paul A., Lyle, Mitchell W., Janecek, Thomas R., Backman, Jan, Busch, William H., Coxall, Helen K., Faul, Kristina, Gaillot, Philippe, Hovan, Steven A., Knoop, Peter, Kruse, Silke, Lanci, Luca, Lear, Caroline, Moore, Theodore C., Nigrini, Catherine A., Nishi, Hiroshi, Nomura, Ritsuo, Norris, Richard D., Palike, Heiko, Pares, Josep M., Quintin, Lacie, Raffi, Isabella, Rea, Brice R., Steiger, Torsten H., Tripati, Aradhna, Vanden Berg, Michael D., Wade, Bridget, Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program; scientific results; Paleogene equatorial transect; covering Leg 199 of the cruises of the drilling vessel JOIDES Resolution; Honolulu, Hawaii, to Honolulu, Hawaii; Sites 1215-1222; 23 October-16 December 2001, 199, georefid:2007-028681

Six samples from Sites 1219 and 1221 ranging in age from early Eocene to early Oligocene were analyzed for freely extractable lipids to determine whether the low organic carbon (C (sub org) ) sediments of the Eocene equatorial Pacific (C (sub org) content typically 0.03%) are appropriate for biomarker studies. Only one sample from the Oligocene equatorial Pacific (Sample 199-1219A-13H-3, 50-54 cm) contained any biomarkers of interest to paleoceanography. The only lipids identified in the remaining samples appear to be contaminants from drilling or subsequent handling. Sample 199-1219A-13H-3, 50-54 cm, contained alkenone biomarkers specific to haptophyte algae that are used for estimating past mean annual sea-surface temperature (maSST). If the Holocene calibration of maSST is appropriate for the Oligocene, the estimated equatorial temperature is > or =28.3 degrees C, or at least 3 degrees C warmer than modern equatorial maSST at a similar longitude.
West: -143.4200 East: -142.0100 North: 12.0200 South: 7.4800
Expedition: 199
Site: 199-1219
Site: 199-1221
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