Marsaglia, Kathleen M. (2006): Sedimentology, petrology, and volcanology of the lower Aptian oceanic anoxic event (OAE1a), Shatsky Rise, north-central Pacific Ocean. Texas A&M University, Ocean Drilling Program, College Station, TX, United States, In: Bralower, Timothy J., Premoli Silva, Isabella, Malone, Mitchell J., Arthur, Michael A., Averyt, Kristen B., Bown, Paul R., Brassell, Simon C., Channell, James E. T., Clarke, Leon J., Dutton, Andrea, Eleson, Jason W., Frank, Tracy D., Gylesjo, Susanne, Hancock, Haidi J. L., Kano, Harumasa, Leckie, R. Mark, Marsaglia, Kathleen M., McGuire, Jennifer, Moe, K. T., Petrizzo, Maria Rose, Robinson, Stuart A., Roehl, Ursula, Sager, William W., Takeda, Kotaro, Thomas, Deborah, Williams, Trevor, Zachos, James C., Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program; scientific results; extreme warmth in the Cretaceous and Paleogene; a depth transect on Shatsky Rise, Central Pacific; covering Leg 198 of the cruises of the drilling vessel JOIDES Resolution; Yokohama, Japan, to Honolulu, Hawaii; Sites 1207-1214; 27 August-23 October 2001, 198, georefid:2006-077753

This petrological study of the lower Aptian Oceanic Anoxic Event (OAE1a) focused on the nature of the organic-rich interval as well as the tuffaceous units above and below it. The volcaniclastic debris deposited just prior to the OAE1a is consistent with reactivation of volcanic centers across the Shatsky Rise, concurrent with volcanism on the Ontong Java Plateau. This reactivation may have been responsible for the sub-OAE1a unconformity. Soon after this volcanic pulse, anomalous amounts of organic matter accumulated on the rise, forming a black shale horizon. The complex textures in the organic-rich intervals suggest a history of periodic anoxia, overprinted by bioturbation. Components include pellets, radiolarians, and fish debris. The presence of carbonate-cemented radiolarite under the OAE1a intervals suggests that there has been large-scale remobilization of carbonate in the system, which in turn may explain the absence of calcareous microfossils in the section. The volcanic debris in the overlying tuffaceous interval differs in that it is significantly epiclastic and glauconitic. It was likely derived from an emergent volcanic edifice.
West: 157.1500 East: 162.4600 North: 37.4800 South: 31.3400
Expedition: 198
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