Bown, Paul R. (2006): Early to Mid-Cretaceous calcareous nannoplankton from the Northwest Pacific Ocean, Leg 198, Shatsky Rise. Texas A&M University, Ocean Drilling Program, College Station, TX, United States, In: Bralower, Timothy J., Premoli Silva, Isabella, Malone, Mitchell J., Arthur, Michael A., Averyt, Kristen B., Bown, Paul R., Brassell, Simon C., Channell, James E. T., Clarke, Leon J., Dutton, Andrea, Eleson, Jason W., Frank, Tracy D., Gylesjo, Susanne, Hancock, Haidi J. L., Kano, Harumasa, Leckie, R. Mark, Marsaglia, Kathleen M., McGuire, Jennifer, Moe, K. T., Petrizzo, Maria Rose, Robinson, Stuart A., Roehl, Ursula, Sager, William W., Takeda, Kotaro, Thomas, Deborah, Williams, Trevor, Zachos, James C., Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program; scientific results; extreme warmth in the Cretaceous and Paleogene; a depth transect on Shatsky Rise, Central Pacific; covering Leg 198 of the cruises of the drilling vessel JOIDES Resolution; Yokohama, Japan, to Honolulu, Hawaii; Sites 1207-1214; 27 August-23 October 2001, 198, georefid:2006-077744

During Ocean Drilling Program Leg 198, Sites 1207, 1208, 1212, 1213, and 1214 were drilled on Shatsky Rise, coring Lower to mid-Cretaceous successions of nannofossil chalk, porcellanite, and chert. Although recovery was poor, these sites yielded an outstanding record of calcareous nannoplankton, providing valuable data concerning the evolutionary succession and paleobiogeography of the largest Cretaceous marine habitat. Mid-Cretaceous sections (Aptian-Cenomanian) were recovered at all sites, and Site 1213 includes an apparently complete Berriasian-Hauterivian section. Biostratigraphic dating is problematic in places because of the absence or rarity of zonal fossils of both Boreal and Tethyan affinity. The majority of nannofossil assemblages are relatively typical of this age, but there are clear differences that set them apart from coeval epicontinental assemblages: for example, Lithraphidites carniolensis is common to abundant throughout and was most likely an oceanic-adapted taxon; the cold- to temperate-water species Crucibiscutum salebrosum, Repagulum parvidentatum, and Seribiscutum primitivum are entirely absent, indicating the persistence of tropical, warm surface water temperatures; and the warm-water species Hayesites irregularis is common. Most striking, however, is the virtual absence of Nannoconus and Micrantholithus, both taxa that were conspicuous and often common components of many Tethyan and Atlantic nannofloras. These forms were almost certainly neritic adapted and usually absent in deep open-ocean settings away from guyots and platforms. Other Tethyan taxa are also absent or rare and sporadically distributed (e.g., Calcicalathina oblongata, Conusphaera spp., Tubodiscus verenae, and Lithraphidites bollii), and factors related to neritic environments presumably controlled their distribution. Site 1213 also records extended Early Cretaceous ranges for species previously thought to have become extinct during the Late Jurassic (e.g., Axopodorhabdus cylindratus, Hexapodorhabdus cuvillieri, and Biscutum dorsetensis), suggesting these species became Pacific-restricted prior to their extinction. Watznaueria britannica may also have been a species with Pacific affinities before reexpansion of its biogeography in the early Aptian. One new genus (Mattiolia) and thirteen new species (Zeugrhabdotus clarus, Zeugrhabdotus petrizzoae, Helicolithus leckiei, Rhagodiscus amplus, Rhagodiscus robustus, Rhagodiscus sageri, Rhagodiscus adinfinitus, Tubodiscus bellii, Tubodiscus frankiae, Gartnerago ponticula, Haqius peltatus, Mattiolia furva, and Kokia stellata) are described from the Shatsky Rise Lower Cretaceous section.
West: 157.1500 East: 162.4600 North: 37.4800 South: 31.3400
Expedition: 198
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