Claypool, George E.; Lorenson, Thomas D.; Johnson, Craig A. (2004): Authigenic carbonates, methane generation, and oxidation in continental rise and shelf sediments, ODP Leg 188 Sites 1165 and 1166, offshore Antarctica (Prydz Bay). Texas A&M University, Ocean Drilling Program, College Station, TX, United States, In: Cooper, Alan K., O'Brien, Philip E., Richter, Carl, Barr, Samantha R., Bohaty, Steven M., Claypool, George E., Damuth, John E., Erwin, Patrick S., Florindo, Fabio, Forsberg, Carl Fredrik, Gruetzner, Jens, Handwerger, David A., Januszczak, Nicole N., Kaiko, Alexander, Kryc, Kelly A., Lavelle, Mark, Passchier, Sandra, Pospichal, James J., Quilty, Patrick G., Rebesco, Michele A., Strand, Kari O., Taylor, Brian, Theissen, Kevin M., Warnke, Detlef A., Whalen, Patricia A., Whitehead, Jason M., Williams, Trevor, Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program; scientific results; Prydz Bay-Cooperation Sea, Antarctica; glacial history and paleoceanography; covering Leg 188 of the cruises of the drilling vessel JOIDES Resolution; Fremantle, Australia, to Hobart, Tasmania; Sites 1165-1167; 10 January-11 March 2000, 188, georefid:2004-083827

Carbon and oxygen isotopic compositions of authigenic carbonate nodules or layers reflect the diagenetic conditions at the time of nodule growth. The shallowest samples of carbonate nodules and dissolved inorganic carbon of pore water samples beneath the sulfate reduction zone (0-160 meters below seafloor [mbsf]) at Site 1165 have extremely negative 13C values (-50 and -62, respectively). These negative 13C values indicate nodule formation in association with anaerobic methane oxidation coupled with sulfate reduction. The 34S of residual sulfate at Site 1165 shows only minor 34S enrichment (+6), even with complete sulfate reduction. This small degree of apparent 34S enrichment is due to extreme "open-system" sulfate reduction, with sulfate abundantly resupplied by diffusion from overlying seawater. Ten calcite nodules from Site 1165 contain minor quartz and feldspar and have 13C values ranging from -49.7 to -8.2. The nodules with the most negative 13C values currently are at depths of 273 to 350 mbsf and must have precipitated from carbonate largely derived from subsurface anaerobic methane oxidation. The processes of sulfate reduction coupled with methane oxidation in sediments of Hole 1165B are indicated by characteristic concentration and isotopic (34S and 13C) profiles of dissolved sulfate and bicarbonate. Three siderite nodules from Site 1166 contain feldspar and mica and one has significant carbonate-apatite. The siderite has 13C values ranging from -15.3 to -7.6 These siderite nodules probably represent early diagenetic carbonate precipitation during microbial methanogenesis.
West: 67.1300 East: 74.4800 North: -64.2200 South: -67.4200
Expedition: 188
Site: 188-1165
Site: 188-1166
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