Hunt, J. B.; Najman, Yanina M. R. (2003): Tephrochronological and tephrostratigraphical potential of Pliocene-Pleistocene volcaniclastic deposits in the Japan Forearc, ODP Leg 186. Texas A&M University, Ocean Drilling Program, College Station, TX, United States, In: Suyehiro, Kiyoshi, Sacks, I. Selwyn, Acton, Gary D., Acierno, Michael J., Araki, Eiichiro, Ask, Maria V. S., Ikeda, Akihiro, Kanamatsu, Toshiya, Kim, Gil Young, Li, Jingfen, Linde, Alan T., McWhorter, Paul N., Mora, German, Najman, Yanina M. R., Niitsuma, Nobuaki, Pandit, Benoy K., Roller, Sybille, Saito, Saneatsu, Sakamoto, Tatsuhiko, Shinohara, Masanao, Sun, Yue-Feng, Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, scientific results, Western Pacific geophysical observatories; covering Leg 186 of the cruises of drilling vessel JOIDES Resolution; Yokohama, Japan, to Yokohama, Japan; sites 1150 and 1151, 14 June-14 August 1999, 186, georefid:2004-011519

Major element geochemical composition was established for 59 tephra horizons from Ocean Drilling Program Sites 1150 and 1151, located in the Japan forearc. These data, encompassing typically between 15 and 30 individual shard analyses per tephra horizon, were used to investigate the degree to which sediment reworking, postdepositional geochemical alteration, and geochemical uniqueness of individual eruptives facilitate or impede the potential for establishing a tephrostratigraphical framework for the Japan Trench, as well as usage of the tephra record to document arc evolution. Evidence was found that hydration (termed phase 1 alteration) of glass shards increases with age in the Pliocene-Pleistocene, but there is no indication that element leaching (phase 2 alteration) has occurred. Post- or syn-depositional differences in preservational style are shown to have no significant bearing on tephrogeochemical homogeneity and suitability for tephrostratigraphical analysis. Overall, therefore, the volcaniclastic record is suitable for investigating medium- to long-term changes in arc geochemistry and, provided consideration is given to the potential for nonunique geochemical signatures, is suitable for erecting tephrochronological frameworks. A limited number of Pleistocene tephra correlations are suggested in furtherance of this framework goal.
West: 143.2000 East: 143.2000 North: 39.1100 South: 38.4500
Expedition: 186
Site: 186-1150
Site: 186-1151
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