Bohaty, Steven M.; Wise, Sherwood W., Jr.; Duncan, Robert A.; Moore, C. Leah; Wallace, Paul J. (2003): Neogene diatom biostratigraphy, tephra stratigraphy, and chronology of ODP Hole 1138A, Kerguelen Plateau. Texas A&M University, Ocean Drilling Program, College Station, TX, United States, In: Frey, Frederick A., Coffin, Millard F., Wallace, Paul J., Antretter, Maria J., Arndt, Nicholas T., Barling, Jane, Boehem, Florian, Borre, Mai Kirstine, Coxall, Helen K., Damuth, John E., Delius, Heike, Duncan, Robert A., Inokuchi, Hiroo, Keszthelyi, Laszlo, Mahoney, John J., Moore, C. Leah, Mueller, R. Dietmar, Neal, Clive R., Nicolaysen, Kirsten E., Pringle, Malcolm S., Reusch, Douglas N., Saccocia, Peter J., Teagle, Damon A. H., Waehnert, Veronika, Weis, Dominique A. M., Wise, Sherwood W., Zhao, Xixi, Quilty, Patrick G. (editor), Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program; scientific results; Kerguelen Plateau-Broken Ridge; a large igneous province; covering Leg 183 of the cruises of the drilling vessel JOIDES Resolution; Fremantle, Australia, to Fremantle, Australia; Sites 1135-1142; 7 December 1998-11 February 1999, 183, georefid:2006-060014

A thick Neogene section was recovered in the upper approximately 300 m of Ocean Drilling Program Hole 1138A, drilled on the Central Kerguelen Plateau in the Indian sector of the Southern Ocean. Sediment lithologies consist primarily of mixed carbonate and biosiliceous clays and oozes, with several thin (1-3 cm) tephra horizons. The tephras are glass rich, well sorted, and dominantly trachytic to rhyolitic in composition. Volcaniclastic material in these horizons is interpreted to have originated from Heard Island, 180 km northwest of Site 1138, and was likely emplaced through both primary ash fall and turbiditic, submarine flows. A Neogene age-depth model for Hole 1138A is constructed primarily from 36 diatom biostratigraphic datums. Nannofossil and planktonic foraminifer biostratigraphy provides supporting age information. Additionally, four high-precision 40Ar-39Ar ages are derived from ash and tephra horizons, and these radiometric ages are in close agreement with the biostratigraphic ages. The integrated age-depth model reveals a reasonably complete lower Miocene to upper Pleistocene section in Hole 1138A, with the exception of a approximately 1-m.y. hiatus at the Miocene/Pliocene boundary. Another possible hiatus is also identified at the Oligocene/Miocene boundary. High Neogene sedimentation rates and the presence of both calcareous and siliceous microfossils, combined with datable tephra horizons, establish Site 1138 as a suitable target for future drilling legs with paleoceanographic objectives. This report also proposes two new diatom species, Fragilariopsis heardensis and Azpeitia harwoodii, from Pliocene strata of Hole 1138A.
West: 75.5830 East: 75.5830 North: -53.5506 South: -53.5506
Expedition: 183
Site: 183-1138
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