Hendy, I. L.; Kennett, James P. (2000): Stable isotope stratigraphy and paleoceanography of the last 170 k.y.; Site 1014, Tanner Basin, California. Texas A & M University, Ocean Drilling Program, College Station, TX, United States, In: Lyle, Mitchell, Koizumi, Itaru, Richter, Carl, Behl, Richard J., Boden, Per, Caulet, Jean-Pierre, Delaney, Margaret L., deMenocal, Peter, Desmet, Marc, Fornaciari, Eliana, Hayashida, Akira, Heider, Franz, Hood, Julie A., Hovan, Steven A., Janecek, Thomas R., Janik, Aleksandra G., Kennett, James P., Lund, David, Machain Castillo, Maria L., Maruyama, Toshiaki, Merrill, Russell B., Mossman, David J., Pike, Jennifer, Ravelo, A. Christina, Rozo Vera, Gloria A., Stax, Rainer, Tada, Ryuji, Thurow, Juergen W., Yamamoto, Masanobu, Nessler, Susan (editor), Miller, Christine M. (editor), Peters, Lorri L. (editor), Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, scientific results, California margin; covering Leg 167 of the cruises of the drilling vessel JOIDES Resolution, Acapulco, Mexico, to San Francisco, California, sites 1010-1022, 20 April-16 June 1996, 167, 129-140, georefid:2000-080023

Late Quaternary oxygen (delta (super 18) O) and carbon (delta (super 13) C) isotopic records for the benthic foraminifer Uvigerina and the planktonic foraminifer Globigerina bulloides are presented for the upper 20 meters composite depth sediment sequence of Ocean Drilling Program Site 1014, Tanner Basin, in the outer California Borderland province. The benthic oxygen isotopic record documents a continuous >160-k.y. sequence from marine isotope Stage (MIS) 6 to the present day. The record closely resembles other late Quaternary North Pacific benthic isotope records, as well as the well-dated deep-sea sequence (SPECMAP), and thus provides a detailed chronologic framework. Site 1014 provides a useful record of the California response to climate change as it enters the southern California Borderland. Sedimentation rates are relatively constant and high ( approximately 11.5 cm k.y. (super -1) ). The planktonic foraminiferal record is well preserved except during marine isotope Substages 5b and 5d, when normally high G. bulloides abundance is strongly diminished as a result of dissolution. The planktonic oxygen isotopic shift of approximately 3 per mil between the last glacial maximum and the Holocene suggests a surface water temperature shift of <7 degrees C, similar to estimates from Hole 893A (Leg 146) to the north. Unlike Santa Barbara Basin, G. bulloides delta (super 18) O values during the last interglacial (MIS 5) at Site 1014 were significantly higher than during the Holocene. In particular, marine isotope Substage 5e (Eemian) was approximately 0.8 per mil higher. This is unlikely to reflect a cooler Eemian but is instead the result of preferential dissolution of thin-shelled (low delta (super 18) O) specimens during this interval. In this mid-depth basin, a large benthic delta (super 18) O shift during Termination I suggests dramatic temperature and salinity changes in response to switches in the source of North Pacific Intermediate Water. Although delta (super 13) C values of the planktonic foraminifer G. bulloides are in disequilibria with seawater and hence interpretations are limited, the G. bulloides record exhibits several negative delta (super 13) C excursions found at other sites in the region (Sites 1017 and 893). This indicates a response of G. bulloides delta (super 13) C to regional surface water processes along the southern California margin. A general increase in benthic carbon isotopic values (-1.75 per mil to -0.75 per mil) in Tanner Basin during the last 200 k.y. is overprinted with smaller fluctuations correlated with climate change. The coolest intervals during the last glacial maximum (MISs 2 and 4) exhibit lower benthic delta (super 13) C values, which correlate with global delta (super 13) C shifts. The opposite relationship is exhibited during the last interglacial before 85 ka, when lower benthic delta (super 13) C values are associated with warmer intervals (marine isotope Substages 5c and 5e) of the last interglacial. These time intervals were also marked by decreased intermediate water ventilation. Increased dissolution and organic accumulation during Substages 5b and 5d are anticorrelated with the benthic delta (super 13) C record. These results suggest that a delicate balance in intermediate water delta (super 13) C has existed between the relative influences of global delta (super 13) C and regional ventilation changes at the 1165-m water depth of Site 1014.
West: -119.5853 East: -119.5853 North: 32.5002 South: 32.5002
Expedition: 167
Site: 167-1014
Data access:
Provider: SEDIS Publication Catalogue
Data set link: http://sedis.iodp.org/pub-catalogue/index.php?id=10.2973/odp.proc.sr.167.205.2000 (c.f. for more detailed metadata)
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