Wehner, Hermann; Faber, Eckhard; Hufnagel, Heinz (2000): Characterization of low and high molecular-weight hydrocarbons in sediments from the Blake Ridge, sites 994, 995, and 997. Texas A & M University, Ocean Drilling Program, College Station, TX, United States, In: Paull, Charles K., Matsumoto, Ryo, Wallace, Paul J., Black, Nancy R., Borowski, Walter S., Collett, Timothy S., Damuth, John E., Dickens, Gerald R., Egeberg, Per Kristian, Goodman, Kim, Hesse, Reinhard F., Hiroki, Yoshihisa, Holbrook, W. Steven, Hoskins, Hartley, Ladd, John, Lodolo, Emanuele, Lorenson, Thomas D., Musgrave, Robert J., Naehr, Thomas H., Okada, Hisatake, Pierre, Catherine, Ruppel, Carolyn D., Satoh, Mikio, Thiery, Regis, Watanabe, Yoshio, Wehner, Hermann, Winters, William J., Wood, Warren T., Miller, Christine M. (editor), Reigel, Ruth (editor), Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program; volume 164; scientific results; gas hydrate sampling on the Blake Ridge and Carolina Rise; covering Leg 164 of the cruises of the drilling vessel JOIDES Resolution, Halifax, Nova Scotia, to Miami, Florida, sites 991-997, 31 October-19 December 1995, 164, 47-58, georefid:2001-025800

Sediments from Holes 994C, 995A, 997A, and 997B have been investigated for "combined" gases (adsorbed gas and that portion of free gas that has not escaped from the pore volume during core recovery and sample collection and storage), solvent-extractable organic compounds, and microscopically identifiable organic matter. The soluble materials mainly consist of polar compounds. The saturated hydrocarbons are dominated by n-alkanes with a pronounced odd-even predominance pattern that is derived from higher plant remains. Unsaturated triterpenoids and 17beta , 21beta -pentacyclic triterpenoids are characteristic for a low maturity stage of the organic matter. The low maturity is confirmed by vitrinite reflectance values of 0.3%. The proportion of terrestrial remains (vitrinite) increases with sub-bottom depth. Within the liptinite fraction, marine algae plays a major role in the sections below 180 mbsf, whereas above this depth sporinites and pollen from conifers are dominant. These facies changes are confirmed by the downhole variations of isoprenoid and triterpenoid ratios in the soluble organic matter. The combined gases contain methane, ethane, and propane, which is a mixture of microbial methane and thermal hydrocarbon gases. The variations in the gas ratios C (sub 1) /(C (sub 2) +C (sub 3) ) reflect the depth range of the hydrate stability zone. The carbon isotopic contents of ethane and propane indicate an origin from marine organic matter that is in the maturity stage of the oil window.
West: -75.3245 East: -75.2807 North: 31.5035 South: 31.4708
Expedition: 164
Site: 164-994
Site: 164-995
Site: 164-997
Data access:
Provider: SEDIS Publication Catalogue
Data set link: http://sedis.iodp.org/pub-catalogue/index.php?id=10.2973/odp.proc.sr.164.225.2000 (c.f. for more detailed metadata)
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