Saunders, Andrew D.; Kempton, Pamela D.; Fitton, J. Godfrey; Larsen, Lotte Melchior (1999): Sr, Nd, and Pb isotopes and trace element geochemistry of basalts from the Southeast Greenland margin. Texas A & M University, Ocean Drilling Program, College Station, TX, United States, In: Larsen, Hans-Christian, Duncan, Robert A., Allan, James F., Aita, Yoshiaki, Arndt, Nicholas T., Buecker, Christian J., Cambray, Herve, Cashman, Katharine V., Cerney, Brian P., Clift, Peter D., Fitton, J. Godfrey, Le Gall, Bernard, Hooper, Peter R., Hurst, Stephen D., Krissek, Lawrence A., Kudless, Kristen E., Larsen, Lotte Melchior, Lesher, Charles E., Nakasa, Yukari, Niu, Yaoling, Philipp, Harald, Planke, Sverre, Rehacek, Jakub, Saunders, Andrew D., Teagle, Damon A. H., Tegner, Christian, Scroggs, John (editor), Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program; scientific results, Southeast Greenland margin; covering Leg 163 of the cruises of the drilling vessel JOIDES Resolution, Reykjavik, Iceland, to Halifax, Nova Scotia, sites 988-990, 3 September-7 October 1995, 163, 77-93, georefid:2000-063787

Voluminous, subaerial magmatism resulted in the formation of extensive seaward-dipping reflector sequences (SDRS) along the Paleogene Southeast Greenland rifted margin. Drilling during Leg 163 recovered basalts from the SDRS at 66 degrees N (Site 988) and 63 degrees N (Sites 989 and 990). The basalt from Site 988 is light rare-earth-element (REE) enriched (La (sub n) /Yb (sub n) = 3.4), with epsilon Nd (sub (t = 60)) = 5.3, (super 87) Sr/ (super 86) Sr = 0.7034, and (super 206) Pb/ (super 204) Pb = 17.98. It is similar to tholeiites recovered from the Irminger Basin during Leg 49 and to light-REE-enriched tholeiites from Iceland. Drilling at Site 989, the innermost of the sites on the 63 degrees N transect, was proposed to extend recovery of the earliest part of the SDRS initiated during Leg 152. These basalts are, however, younger than those from Site 917 and are compositionally similar to basalts from the more seaward Sites 990 and 915. Many of the basalts from Sites 989 and 990 show evidence of contamination by continental crust (e.g., epsilon Nd (sub (t = 60)) ) extends down to -3.7, (super 206) Pb/ (super 204) Pb extends down to 15.1). We suggest that the contaminant is a mixture of Archean granulite and amphibolite and that the most contaminated basalts have assimilated approximately 5% of crust. Uncontaminated basalts are isotopically similar to basalts from Site 918, on the main body of the SDRS, and are light-REE depleted. Consistent with previous models of the development of this margin, we show that at the time of formation of the basalts from Sites 989 and 990 (1) melting was at relatively shallow levels in a fully fledged rift zone; (2) fragments of continental crust were present in the lithosphere above the zones of melt generation; and (3) the sublithospheric mantle was dominated by a depleted Icelandic plume component.
West: -39.4648 East: -34.5216 North: 65.4215 South: 63.2822
Expedition: 163
Site: 163-988
Site: 163-989
Site: 163-990
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