Dalrymple, G. Brent; Lanphere, Marvin A.; Clague, David A. (1980): Conventional and (super 40) Ar/ (super 39) Ar K-Ar ages of volcanic rocks from Ojin (Site 430), Nintoku (Site 432), and Suiko (Site 433) seamounts and the chronology of volcanic propagation along the Hawaiian-Emperor chain. Texas A & M University, Ocean Drilling Program, College Station, TX, United States, In: Shambach, James (editor), Jackson, Everett Dale, Koizumi, Itaru, Avdeiko, Gennady, Butt, Arif, Clague, David, Dalrymple, G. Brent, Greene, H. Gary, Karpoff, Anne Marie, Kirkpatrick, R. James, Kono, Masaru, Hsin Yi Ling, McKenzie, Judith, Morgan, Jason, Takayama, Toshiaki, Initial reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project covering Leg 55 of the cruises of the drilling vessel Glomar Challenger, Honolulu, Hawaii to Yokohama, Japan; July-September 1977, 55, 659-676, georefid:1981-027022

Conventional K-Ar, 40Ar/39Ar total fusion, and 40Ar/39Ar incremental heating data on hawaiite and tholeiitic basalt samples from Ojin (Site 430), alkalic basalt samples from Nintoku (Site 432), and alkalic and tholeiitic basalt samples from Suiko (Site 433) seamounts in the Emperor Seamount chain give the following best ages for these volcanoes: Ojin = 55.2 + or - 0.7 m.y., Nintoku = 56.2 + or - 0.6 m.y., and Suiko = 64.7 + or - 1.1 m.y. These new data bring to 27 the number of dated volcanoes in the Hawaiian-Emperor volcanic chain. The new dates prove that the age progression from Kilauea Volcano on Hawaii (0 m.y.) through the Hawaiian-Emperor bend ( approximately 43 m.y.) to Koko Seamount (48.1 m.y.) in the southernmost Emperor Seamounts continues more than halfway up the Emperor chain to Suiko Seamount. The age versus distance data for the Hawaiian-Emperor chain are consistent with the kinematic hot-spot hypothesis, which predicts that the volcanoes are progressively older west and north away from the active volcanoes of Kilauea and Mauna Loa. The data are consistent with an average volcanic propagation velocity of either 8 cm/year from Suiko to Kilauea or of 6 cm/year from Suiko to Midway followed by a velocity of 9 cm/year from Midway to Kilauea, but it appears that the change in direction that formed the Hawaiian Emperor bend probably was not accompanied by a major change in velocity.
West: 160.0000 East: 175.0000 North: 50.0000 South: 35.0000
Expedition: 55
Site: 55-430
Site: 55-432
Site: 55-433
Data access:
Provider: SEDIS Publication Catalogue
Data set link: http://sedis.iodp.org/pub-catalogue/index.php?id=10.2973/dsdp.proc.55.128.1980 (c.f. for more detailed metadata)
Data download: application/pdf
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