Stein, Ruediger (2011): The great challenges in Arctic Ocean paleoceanography. IOP Publishing, Bristol, United Kingdom, In: St-Onge, Guillaume (editor), Veiga-Pires, Cristina (editor), Solignac, Sandrine (editor), Ocean and climate changes in polar and subpolar environments; proceedings from the 2010 IODP-Canada/ECORD summer school, 14 (1), georefid:2013-046605

Despite the importance of the Arctic in the climate system, the data base we have from this area is still very weak, and large parts of the climate history have not been recovered at all in sedimentary sections. In order to fill this gap in knowledge, international, multidisciplinary expeditions and projects for scientific drilling/coring in the Arctic Ocean are needed. Key areas and approaches for drilling and recovering undisturbed and complete sedimentary sequences are depth transects across the major ocean ridge systems, i.e., the Lomonosov Ridge, the Alpha-Mendeleev Ridge, and the Chukchi Plateau/Northwind Ridge, the Beaufort, Kara and Laptev sea continental margins, as well as the major Arctic gateways towards the Atlantic and Pacific oceans. The new detailed climate records from the Arctic Ocean spanning time intervals from the Late Cretaceous/Paleogene Greenhouse world to the Neogene-Quaternary Icehouse world and representing short- and long-term climate variability on scales from 10 to 10 (super 6) years, will give new insights into our understanding of the Arctic Ocean within the global climate system and provide an opportunity to test the performance of climate models used to predict future climate change. With this, studying the Arctic Ocean is certainly one of the major challenges in climate research for the coming decades. Copyright Published under licence by IOP Publishing Ltd
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