Robinson, Stuart A.; Vance, Derek (2012): Widespread and synchronous change in deep-ocean circulation in the North and South Atlantic during the late Cretaceous. American Geophysical Union, Washington, DC, United States, Paleoceanography, 27 (1), georefid:2013-008068

Modern thermohaline circulation plays a role in latitudinal heat transport and in deep-ocean ventilation, yet ocean circulation may have functioned differently during past periods of extreme warmth, such as the Cretaceous. The Late Cretaceous (100-65 Ma) was an important period in the evolution of the North Atlantic Ocean, characterized by opening ocean gateways, long-term climatic cooling and the cessation of intermittent periods of anoxia (oceanic anoxic events, OAEs). However, how these phenomena relate to deep-water circulation is unclear. We use a proxy for deep-water mass composition (neodymium isotopes; epsilon (sub Nd) ) to show that, at North Atlantic ODP Site 1276, deep waters shifted in the early Campanian ( approximately 78-83 Ma) from epsilon (sub Nd) values of approximately -7 to values of approximately -9, consistent with a change in the style of deep-ocean circulation but >10 Myr after a change in bottom water oxygenation conditions. A similar, but more poorly dated, trend exists in epsilon (sub Nd) data from DSDP Site 386. The Campanian epsilon (sub Nd) transition observed in the North Atlantic records is also seen in the South Atlantic and proto-Indian Ocean, implying a widespread and synchronous change in deep-ocean circulation. Although a unique explanation does not exist for the change at present, we favor an interpretation that invokes Late Cretaceous climatic cooling as a driver for the formation of Southern Component Water, which flowed northward from the Southern Ocean and into the North Atlantic and proto-Indian Oceans.
West: -44.4700 East: -44.4700 North: 45.2400 South: 45.2400
Expedition: 210
Site: 210-1276
Expedition: 43
Site: 43-386
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