Piela, Christine; Lyle, Mitchell; Marcantonio, Franco; Baldauf, Jack; Olivarez Lyle, Annette (2012): Biogenic sedimentation in the equatorial Pacific; carbon cycling and paleoproduction, 12-24 Ma. American Geophysical Union, Washington, DC, United States, Paleoceanography, 27 (2), georefid:2013-005631

The equatorial Pacific is an important part of the global carbon cycle and has been affected by climate change through the Cenozoic (65 Ma to present). We present a Miocene (12-24 Ma) biogenic sediment record from Deep Sea Drilling Project (DSDP) Site 574 and show that a CaCO (sub 3) minimum at 17 Ma was caused by elevated CaCO (sub 3) dissolution. When Pacific Plate motion carried Site 574 under the equator at about 16.2 Ma, there is a minor increase in biogenic deposition associated with passing under the equatorial upwelling zone. The burial rates of the primary productivity proxies biogenic silica (bio-SiO (sub 2) ) and biogenic barium (bio-Ba) increase, but biogenic CaCO (sub 3) decreases. The carbonate minimum is at approximately 17 Ma coincident with the beginning of the Miocene climate optimum; the transient lasts from 18 to 15 Ma. Bio-SiO (sub 2) and bio-Ba are positively correlated and increase as the equator was approached. C (sub org) is poorly preserved, and is strongly affected by changing carbonate burial. Terrestrial (super 232) Th deposition, a proxy for aeolian dust, increases only after the Site 574 equator crossing. Since surface production of bio-SiO (sub 2) , bio-Ba, and CaCO (sub 3) correlate in the modern equatorial Pacific, the decreased CaCO (sub 3) burial rate during the Site 574 equator crossing is driven by elevated CaCO (sub 3) dissolution, representing elevated ocean carbon storage and elevated atmospheric CO (sub 2) . The length of the 17 Ma CaCO (sub 3) dissolution transient requires interaction with a 'slow' part of the carbon cycle, perhaps elevated mantle degassing associated with the early stages of Columbia River Basalt emplacement.
West: -142.0100 East: -133.1948 North: 7.4800 South: 4.1231
Expedition: 199
Site: 199-1219
Expedition: 85
Site: 85-574
Data access:
Provider: SEDIS Publication Catalogue
Data set link: http://sedis.iodp.org/pub-catalogue/index.php?id=10.1029/2011PA002236 (c.f. for more detailed metadata)
This metadata in ISO19139 XML format