Schefuss, Enno; Sinninghe Damste, Jaap S.; Jansen, J. H. Fred (2004): Forcing of tropical Atlantic sea surface temperatures during the mid-Pleistocene transition. American Geophysical Union, Washington, DC, United States, Paleoceanography, 19 (4), georefid:2005-029089

We compare a new mid-Pleistocene sea surface temperature (SST) record from the eastern tropical Atlantic to changes in continental ice volume, orbital insolation, Atlantic deepwater ventilation, and Southern Ocean front positions to resolve forcing mechanisms of tropical Atlantic SST during the mid-Pleistocene transition (MPT). At the onset of the MPT, a strong tropical cooling occurred. The change from a obliquity- to a eccentricity-dominated cyclicity in the tropical SST took place at about 650 kyr BP. In orbital cycles, tropical SST changes significantly preceded continental ice-volume changes but were in phase with movements of Southern Ocean fronts. After the onset of large-amplitude 100-kyr variations, additional late glacial warming in the eastern tropical Atlantic was caused by enhanced return flow of warm waters from the western Atlantic driven by strong trade winds. Pronounced 80-kyr variations in tropical SST occurred during the MPT, in phase with and likely directly forced by transitional continental ice-volume variations. (mod. journ. abstr.)
West: 10.2611 East: 10.2611 North: -5.1048 South: -5.1048
Expedition: 175
Site: 175-1077
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