Billups, Katharina; Rabideaux, Nathan; Stoffel, Jared (2011): Suborbital-scale surface and deep water records in the subtropical North Atlantic; implications on thermohaline overturn. Elsevier, International, Quaternary Science Reviews, 30 (21-22), 2976-2987, georefid:2012-051267

We reconstruct millennial-scale variations in sea surface hydrography and deep water flow in the northwestern subtropical Atlantic (Ocean Drilling Program Leg 172 Sites 1056 and 1063) with a focus on Marine Isotope Stage (MIS) 9. Together with published records from this region, the new data also afford a longer-term perspective on millennial-scale changes in meridional overturning circulation spanning two full interglacial intervals (MIS 9 and 11) as well as two full glacial intervals (MIS 10 and 12). Planktic foraminiferal delta (super 18) O values indicate relatively stable conditions during the peak warmth of MIS 9, but three large cold excursions disrupt the otherwise smooth transition toward glacial MIS 8. There is no unique response in the Site 1063 benthic foraminiferal delta (super 13) C values that would suggest a concomitant decrease in the relative flux of NADW during these events. Similarly, there is no persistent correlation between millennial-scale variations in surface and deep water hydrography over the entire MIS 8-13 interval. While millennial-scale variations at the sea surface are most pronounced during glacial intervals (and the transitions toward glacial intervals), millennial-scale variations in the deep water hydrography tend to be largest during the warm periods. This observation supports that rapid changes in thermohaline circulation are sensitive to driving forces other than those directly related to ice sheet size. Time series analysis shows that spectral power in the benthic foraminiferal delta (super 13) C record contains periodicities related to the second ( approximately 10 kyr) and fourth harmonics ( approximately 5 kyr) of precession in this record ( approximately 20 kyr) pointing to the importance of tropical processes. Abstract Copyright (2011) Elsevier, B.V.
West: -76.1949 East: -57.3654 North: 33.4111 South: 32.2906
Expedition: 172
Site: 172-1056
Site: 172-1063
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