Thibault, Nicolas; Husson, Dorothee; Harlou, Rikke; Gardin, Silvia; Galbrun, Bruno; Huret, Emilia; Minoletti, Fabrice (2012): Astronomical calibration of upper Campanian-Maastrichtian carbon isotope events and calcareous plankton biostratigraphy in the Indian Ocean (ODP Hole 762C); implication for the age of the Campanian-Maastrichtian boundary. Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands, Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 337-338, 52-71, georefid:2012-081495

An integrated framework of magnetostratigraphy, calcareous microfossil bio-events, cyclostratigraphy and delta (super 13) C stratigraphy is established for the upper Campanian-Maastrichtian of ODP Hole 762C (Exmouth Plateau, Northwestern Australian margin). Bulk-carbonate delta (super 13) C events and nannofossil bio-events have been recorded and plotted against magnetostratigraphy, and provided absolute ages using the results of the cyclostratigraphic study and the recent astronomical calibration of the Maastrichtian. Thirteen carbon-isotope events and 40 nannofossil bio-events are recognized and calibrated with cyclostratigraphy, as well as 14 previously published foraminifer events, thus constituting a solid basis for large-scale correlations. Results show that this site is characterized by a nearly continuous sedimentation from the upper Campanian to the K-Pg boundary, except for a 500 kyr gap in magnetochron C31n. Correlation of the age-calibrated delta (super 13) C profile of ODP Hole 762C to the delta (super 13) C profile of the Tercis les Bains section, Global Stratotype Section and Point of the Campanian-Maastrichtian boundary (CMB), allowed a precise recognition and dating of this stage boundary at 72.15+ or -0.05 Ma. This accounts for a total duration of 6.15+ or -0.05 Ma for the Maastrichtian stage. Correlation of the boundary level with northwest Germany shows that the CMB as defined at the GSSP is approximately 800 kyr younger than the CMB as defined by Belemnite zonation in the Boreal realm. ODP Hole 762C is the first section to bear at the same time an excellent recovery of sediments throughout the upper Campanian-Maastrichtian, a precise and well-defined magnetostratigraphy, a high-resolution record of carbon isotope events and calcareous plankton biostratigraphy, and a cyclostratigraphic study tied to the La2010a astronomical solution. This section is thus proposed as an excellent reference for the upper Campanian-Maastrichtian in the Indian Ocean. Abstract Copyright (2012) Elsevier, B.V.
West: 112.1514 East: 112.1515 North: -19.5314 South: -19.5315
Expedition: 122
Site: 122-762
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